The Neutral Belly Position

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Brought to you by AXIS Flight School Instructor Brianne Thompson at Skydive Arizona in Eloy. Photos by Niklas Daniel. For more information visit or search “Axis Flight School” on Facebook.



Although all jumpers may feel familiar with the neutral belly position because they learned it during their student programs, many do not use proper technique since some of the methods used to teach it actually encourage improper positions. In addition, many jumpers treat it as only a deployment position and don’t give it the attention it deserves as an essential flying position.


  • Perfect the fundamental body position that is applicable to every freefall discipline in the sport
  • Troubleshoot incorrect technique


The key element of the neutral belly position is the placement of the hips, which should be at the lowest point of the body in relation to the relative wind. To achieve this, you must squeeze your seat by engaging your gluteal muscles while keeping your spine straight.

Common problems: Wide knees, knees lower than the hips (i.e., “butt up”), arching from the chest, looking down. Squeezing your seat will immediately remedy all of these problems. You will also be able to adjust your fall rate dramatically if you begin in the proper position.

Keep your knees a little wider than shoulder-width apart. Engage your shinbones by applying positive pressure into the wind (assuming you don’t wear booties) and point your toes, which will tend to cause your legs to extend properly. (Polite reminder: Keep your hips lower than your knees.)

Common problems: Flexing the feet, which can cause the legs to bend and become floppy.

Your arms should be somewhat forward with your elbows in front of the line of your shoulders. As you increase your arch and lift your chest, your elbows should be level with your shoulders or even slightly lower. Think of getting lift on your biceps, which will allow your chest to become more erect. When belly flying, your forearms should be relaxed and mobile in order to take grips in different positions.

Common problems: Holding the elbows above the shoulders. If your elbows are above and behind your shoulders, your arms will scrunch your shoulder blades toward the center. It is important to keep your shoulder blades apart since the closer they are, the more you’ll have a tendency to arch through your chest.

Helpful Hint

Although some coaches stress learning the mantis position (a way of flying in which the arms resemble those of a praying mantis), prioritizing your arm movements to look like a competitive formation skydiver before you shift your center of mass will hinder your progress. If you first learn to properly fly your lower body, you will find a more efficient way of flying that is completely effortless. The command that FS flyers have over their lower bodies (i.e., their hips and legs) causes the flying position of their arms, which are at rest. Forcing this position is ineffective.

Jumpers have many different body types, sizes and shapes. However, the guidelines for a strong neutral body position apply to all: low hips, straight spine, elbows in front and slightly lower than the shoulders and positive pressure on the shins with toes pointed.


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Wing Commander (Retd)Sunil Kumar Banerjee
Mon, 03/03/2014 - 01:30

I gratefully acknowledge the video and write up which is crisp and fundamental for learning the basics of the neutral belly position.Frankly, I am embarrassed at having practiced and taught the wrong positions.Never, too late as they say.Look forward to sharing it with some of my friends to lessen the mistakes if they still continue. I am an erstwhile Military free fall Instructor with the Indian Air Force with over 800 Free fall jumps to my credit Including, HALO and HAHO tehniques.

Thanks. Again.

Anton Chikin
Mon, 03/17/2014 - 13:22

Thank you very much for this video. Transitions from the wrong position to the right one is very helpful.

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