5. Common Rules For Formation Skydiving
5.1 Competition Draw
5.1.1 The Chief Judge will supervise a public draw of the sequences for each event.
5.1.2 Teams will be given not less than two hours’ knowledge of the results of the draw and the start of competition.
5.1.3 When available, an electronically generated draw may be used.
5.2.1 Each team will be assigned a videographer from a pool of videographers provided by the Host and managed by the Video Controller.
5.2.2 The videographer is responsible for providing the evidence required to judge each round.
5.2.3 Teams are responsible for briefing the videographer on their exit count and for presenting each point to the video.
5.3 Exit Altitude Changes
5.3.1 In the case of weather precluding full altitude, exit altitude may be lowered to as little as 10,000 feet by the Meet Director, with the agreement of the USPA Controller and the Chief Judge. Working times will be adjusted accordingly.
5.4 Opening Altitude
5.4.1 On all jumps, the parachute must be opened by manual activation of the opening system. Pilot chutes must appear no lower than the attitudes required in the USPA Skydiver’s Information Manual.
184.108.40.206 The Meet Director may ground or expel (without refund of fees) an individual or entire team from one or all events for violating these safety rules.
5.5.1 Rejumps will be awarded if the Chief Judge, Event Judge, and the Video Controller agree that the videographer interfered with the team’s performance.
5.5.2 A rejump may be restricted.
220.127.116.11 2-way FS, 4-way FS, 2-way VFS:
- A restricted rejump shall have a score no greater than the maximum possible score of the original performance without penalties and may be offered in the event that the team’s performance requirements are assessed by the majority of the panel of judges as unjudgeable due to video problems. This decision shall be at the sole discretion of the Chief Judge and shall not be grounds for protest.
18.104.22.168 6-way FS
- A restricted rejump shall have a score no less than the maximum possible score of the original performance without penalties and may be offered in the event that the team’s performance requirements are assessed by the majority of the panel of judges as unjudgeable due to video problems. This decision shall be at the sole discretion of the Chief Judge and shall not be grounds for protest.
5.5.3 No team will be allowed more than one rejump for any one round of 2-way FS, 4-way FS, and 2-way VFS.
5.5.4 No team will be allowed more than one rejump in 6-way FS.
5.6.1 A team will score one point for each judgeable scoring formation performed in the sequence within the allotted working time of each round. Teams may continue scoring by continually repeating the sequence.
5.6.2 Three points will be deducted for each omission; if both the inter and the second formation in a block sequence are omitted, this will be considered as only one omission.
5.6.3 If an infringement in the scoring formation of a block sequence is carried into the inter, this will be considered as one infringement only, provided that the intent of the inter requirements for the next formation is clearly presented and no other infringement occurs in the inter.
5.6.4 The minimum score for any round is zero points.
5.6.5 It is the responsibility of the team to clearly present the correct scoring formations, inters, and total separations to the videographer and the judges.
5.6.6 Scoring formations need not be perfectly symmetrical, but they must be performed in a controlled manner.
5.6.7 Mirror images of random formations and whole block sequences are permitted.
5.7.1 A scoring formation is a formation that is correctly completed and clearly presented either as a random formation or within a block sequence as depicted in the dive pool, and which, apart from the first formation after exit, must be preceded by a correctly completed and clearly presented total separation or inter, as appropriate.
5.7.2 A grip consists of a handhold on an arm, leg or foot of another jumper. As a minimum, a grip requires stationary contact of the hand on an arm or leg, as shown in the Definition of Symbols in this section.
5.7.3 A foot grip consists of a handhold on the foot; the grip must be on or below the anklebone, as shown in the Definition of Symbols in this section.
5.7.4 An inter is an intermediate requirement which must be performed as depicted in the block portions of the dive pools.
5.7.5 A subgroup consists of an individual or two or more jumpers linked by a grip or grips.
22.214.171.124 When shown, each subgroup must remain intact as a subgroup from the break of the previous scoring formation in the sequence until the correct completion of the next scoring formation in the sequence.
126.96.36.199 Where degrees are shown, (180°, 270°, 360°, 540°), this indicates the approximate degrees and direction of turn required to complete the inter as indicated. The degrees shown are approximately that amount of the circumference of the subgroup’s center point to be presented to the center point(s) of the other subgroup(s). For judging purposes, the approximate degrees and direction of turn of subgroups’ center points will be assessed using only the two-dimensional video evidence as presented. Degrees of turn performed must be in a single direction.
5.7.6 Contact is allowed between subgroups during the inter of a block sequence.
- Any assisting body contact on other jumpers or their equipment within a subgroup or a scoring formation is not permitted.
- Where subgroups are shown, they must remain intact as a subgroup with only the depicted grips on other jumpers in that subgroup.
- Handholds by the jumper on their own body within a subgroup or a scoring formation are permitted.
- If an inter requires an orientation change by a subgroup, no grip may be taken between that subgroup and any other subgroup during the orientation change.
5.7.7 A subgroup’s centerpoint is one of the following:
- The defined grip or the geometric center of the defined grips within a subgroup within linked jumpers
- The geometric center of an individual’s torso
5.7.8 An infringement is one of the following:
188.8.131.52 An incorrect or incomplete formation which, apart from the last point at freeze frame, is followed within working time by either–
- A total separation or
- An inter, whether correct or not
184.108.40.206 A correctly completed formation preceded by an incorrect inter or incorrect total separation
220.127.116.11 A formation, inter, or total separation not clearly presented
5.7.9 Omission is one of the following:
18.104.22.168 A formation or inter is missing from the drawn sequence.
22.214.171.124 No clear intent to build the correct formation or inter is seen, but another formation or inter is presented, and there is an advantage to the team resulting from the substitution.
126.96.36.199 Total separation is when all competitors show at one point in time, they have released all their grips and no part of their arms are in contact with another body.
188.8.131.52 Total separation is required between whole blocks, between random formations, and between whole blocks and random formations.
5.8 Judging and Recording
5.8.1 Judges are stationed at video monitors to observe each team’s performance.
5.8.2 The judges will watch the video evidence of each jump once at normal speed to determine points in time. A second timing will be allowed if the last point in time is in question. At the end of working time, freeze frame will be applied on each full viewing. At the discretion of the Chief Judge, judges may be allowed partial playback, slow motion, and multiple views to increase the quality and speed of judging. If, during the judging cycle, the Chief Judge, Event Judge, or any judge on the panel considers that an absolutely incorrect assessment has occurred, that assessment will be brought to the attention of the Event Judge to ensure that it has been correctly scored by the majority of the panel judges.
5.8.3 The judges will use an electronic scoring system (if one is available) to record their evaluation of the performance. The judges may correct their evaluation record after the jump has been judged. Corrections to the evaluation record may only be made before the chief judge signs the score sheet. All individual judge’s evaluations will be published.
5.8.4 The results of the evaluation will be checked by at least one judge, under the supervision of the Chief Judge.
184.108.40.206 If electronic scoring is not available, the judges will operate their own stopwatches and use a scoresheet to record their evaluation, using the following symbols:
||correct scoring formation
||formations, inters or total separations not visible on screen due to meteorological conditions, or uncontrollable factors affecting freefall video equipment (example: lens fogging)
||end of working time
5.8.6 In this case, the scoresheets of all judges must be collected immediately after the judges have scored the jump for evaluation by the scoring section.